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Current issue

ELEKTRO 12/2021 was released on December 1st 2021. Its digital version will be available immediately.

Topic: Measurement, testing, quality care

Market, trade, business
What to keep in mind when changing energy providers

SVĚTLO (Light) 6/2021 was released 11.29.2021. Its digital version will be available immediately.

Fairs and exhibitions
Designblok, Prague International Design Festival 2021
Journal Světlo Competition about the best exhibit in branch of light and lighting at FOR ARCH and FOR INTERIOR fair

Professional literature
The new date format for luminaires description

Scientists take step to improve crops’ photosynthesis, yields

16. 8. 2021 | Cornell University | www.cornell.edu

In order to feed a projected 9 billion people by 2050, farmers need to grow 50% more food on a limited amount of arable land. As a result, plant scientists are in a race against time to engineer crops with higher yields by improving photosynthesis.

When plants photosynthesize they convert carbon dioxide, water and light into oxygen and sucrose, a sugar used for energy and for building new tissues. During this process, Rubisco, an enzyme found in all plants, takes inorganic carbon from the air and “fixes” or converts it to an organic form the plant uses to build tissues. One hurdle in improving photosynthesis in crops is that Rubisco reacts with both carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air; the latter reaction creates toxic byproducts, slows photosynthesis and thereby lowers yields. But in cyanobacteria, the Rubisco is contained within microcompartments called carboxysomes that shield the Rubisco from oxygen.

Improving photosynthesis

Experiments showed that the absence of carbonic anhydrase did not interfere with photosynthesis, contrary to previously held views. A potential problem is that carbonic anhydrase found in chloroplasts is known to be involved in the plant’s defense pathways. However, researchers in Hanson’s group discovered they could incorporate an enzymatically inactive version of the carbonic anhydrase and still maintain the plant’s defense.

Read more at Cornell University

Image Credit: Dave Burbank