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Current issue

ELEKTRO 6/2019 was released on June 6th 2019. Its digital version will be available on June 24th 2019.

Topic: Rotating electrical machines, drives and power electronics; Electromobility

Main Article
Hybrid drive of shunting locomotive

SVĚTLO (Light) 3/2019 was released on June 11th 2019. Its digital version will be available on July 17th 2019.

Fairs and exhibitions
Euroluce 2019 by designers eyes
Exhibition Light in architecture 2019
Amper 2019 in capture of sophisticated technologies

Refreshing our memory
Lighting glass from Kamenný pahorek

Nanowires as sensors in new type of atomic force microscope

17.10.2016 | Phys.org | www.phys.org

A new type of atomic force microscope (AFM) uses nanowires as tiny sensors. Unlike standard AFM, the device with a nanowire sensor enables measurements of both the size and direction of forces.

Nanowires are extremely tiny filamentary crystals which are built-up molecule by molecule from various materials and which are now being very actively studied by scientists all around the world because of their exceptional properties. The wires normally have a diameter of 100 nanometers and therefore possess only about one thousandth of a hair thickness.

New type of atomic force microscope

The team from the Swiss Nanoscience Institute (SNI) and the Department of Physics at the University of Basel has now demonstrated that nanowires can also be used as force sensors in atomic force microscopes. Based on their special mechanical properties, nanowires vibrate along two perpendicular axes at nearly the same frequency. When they are integrated into an AFM, the researchers can measure changes in the perpendicular vibrations caused by different forces. Essentially, they use the nanowires like tiny mechanical compasses that point out both the direction and size of the surrounding forces.

Read more at Phys.org

Image Credit: University of Basel, Department of Physics

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