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ELEKTRO 12/2016 was released on December 7th 2016. Its digital version will be available on January 6th 2017.

 

Topic: Measurement, measuring devices and measurement engineering; Testing and diagnostics

 

Main Article

Lithium traction batteries for electric mobility (final part 2)

SVĚTLO (Light) 6/2016 was released on December 5th 2016. Its digital version will be available on January 5th 2017.

Interiors lighting
Colloquium Interiors 2016 – the fifth anniversary
Cooperation of indoor interior and lighting 

Standards, regulations and recommendations
New standards for road lighting

3-D Microwave Camera Can See Through Walls

19.10.2015 | MIT Media Lab | media.mit.edu

Modern cameras cannot see through fog, in the dark, or through walls, which make tasks such as driverless vehicles and search-and-rescue difficult.

Where visible-light fails, radio-waves can easily penetrate these obstructions, however radar-imaging devices are complex, low-resolution, and unable to image certain geometries and angled surfaces. This paper takes a camera-like approach to microwave-imaging, resulting in a simpler camera architecture which can capture fuller 3D images through-walls.

3D Microwave Camera

The aim of the work of team of MIT researchers is not just to detect objects, but also to form images in 3D. There are many advantages to being able to see how many limbs a person has and how tall they are; not just in what general area they are located. In order to image at such large wavelengths, sensors must cover a very large aperture at a high enough density to sufficiently sample the reflected waves (and prevent aliasing). Classical radar setups utilize hundreds of thousands of sensors to cover a large aperture at an appropriate density.

The future of commercial systems cannot rely on such large setups because they are difficult to produce and handle. Instead of spreading the electronics across the entire aperture, scientists focused all of the electronics to a 10” x 10” space, and use a large passive reflector to focus the reflected energy to this small area. This setup enables higher resolution radar imaging by covering a large aperture with a passive-element, and constraining all of the electronics to a small focal plane. This architecture is useful for situations where many electronics are focused to a small area (such as a chip), since all that is necessary to increase the resolution of the device is to introduce a passive lens.

The wavelength of light MIT researchers imaging with is on the same order of size as the objects and features they are trying to image. At these large wavelengths, surfaces which normally appear diffuse appear mirror-like when viewed by microwaves. This causes normal objects to reflect light in ways that don’t return to the camera. In order to overcome this, this camera utilizes multiple flashes to capture surfaces which would normally appear stealth.

Read more at: MIT Media Lab

Image Credit: MIT Media Lab

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